Tall fescue has been widely planted for turf, forage and erosion control. Gardeners like its ease of care and its fine texture, which makes it a good companion plant for … • Purple Needlegrass - Nassella pulchra (California’s State Grass) • Nodding Needlegrass - Nassella cernua • Molate Fescue - Festuca rubra • California Barley - Hordeum californicum Native Preservation Mix TM Excellent for sloped hillsides, median and roadside applications Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (FECA) Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (FECA) The Grass Manual on the Web - Treatment (FECA) The Grass Manual on the Web - Map (FECA) USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (FECA) Purple needlegrass is the most common native bunchgrass in California’s vast foothill rangeland. The best stands and largest plants typically grow in partial shade where there is reduced heat and moisture stress. Roemer’s Fescue is an important native grass for restoration of upland prairie and oak savanna within its natural range of western Oregon, western Washington and northwest California. Its Blue-green leaf blades 1 1/2 ft. tall with graceful, airy flower stalks rising another 2 ft. above the foliage. A beautiful medium sized clump of glaucous blue-green to blue-gray. California Native. One, chewings fescue, is a close European cousin of a native western fescue. Evergreen bunch grass forming fountain like clumps 2 feet tall, 3 feet wide. We have recently seen garden grasses featured in books and articles, planted in “meadows,” “grasslands,” and as “accents,” bringing “movement” and “drama” to the landscape. Blue fescue grass (Festuca glauca) is a colorful ornamental grass with icy blue foliage and pale yellow flowers.It is drought-tolerant and grows in USDA plant hardiness zones 4 through 8. Discovered on Point Molate near Richmond, this selection spreads to form soft, flowing drifts of gray-green foliage 12 to 18 inches tall with graceful, open flowers rising to 3 feet. A natural for under native oaks where they receive light shade … It is particularly adept at wresting moisture from the deep clay soils found throughout the foothill grassland. Western Mokelumne fescue - Festuca occidentalis A versatile grass that can be maintained as a turf lawn or left un-mowed to create a meadow like appearance. [3] The green-gray leaves are narrow, and can reach 2 feet (0.61 m) long. A sod-forming spreading perennial grass, native to moist meadows at low to mid elevations in California. A selection of Leymus triticoides chosen for its bluish gray leaf blades, same soil stabilizing quality. Tall fescue is native to Europe and was first introduced into the United States in the early to mid 1800s. GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : California fescue is a native, perennial bunchgrass [ 5, 9 ]. Inflorescences (flowers or panicles) are 10-30 cm long, open and sparsely branched. This fescue species is native to the U.S. states of California and Oregon, where it is a member of many plant communities, including chaparral and oak woodlands.[1][2]. Purple needlegrass – Nasella pulchra. Tall fescue has been widely planted for turf, forage and erosion control. Source | California Native Plant Society In their natural environment, native grasses typically occur in groups with bare ground between them and where wildflowers grow. Cal-IPC Rating: Moderate All rights reserved. Nov 29, 2012 - (Festuca californica) California Fescue - Grass 1-2' ht. California fescue is a beautiful native bunchgrass often seen cascading down oak studded slopes. It reaches anywhere from 1.5–4.5 feet (0.46–1.37 m) in height, and 1.5–3.5 feet (0.46–1.07 m) in width. California Fescue Festuca californica: Grows in greenish gray tufts and is a cross between Deer Grass and needle Grass. FESCUE There are several forms of fescue, including Arizona fescue, California fescue, and native western fescue; some are sold by native turf specialists. Native to western North America and ranging from Southern California up to the Pacific Northwest, Blue Fescue is best in full sun with good drainage and tolerates partial shade. Its Rangeland Grasses: Annual Fescue Common Name(s): Annual fescues (sixweeks fescue and rattail fescue) Scientific Name: Vulpia octoflora (Walter) Rydb. California's native plants evolved over a very long period, and are the plants Californians first knew and depended on for their livelihood. california fescue. California fescue (Festuca californica) is native to the West Coast. Cold hardy to below 0° F. Use Blue Fescue to bring a pop of blue color to borders, or plant in large drifts for a statement. I want a no-mow grass. It is short and fine textured. This grass is mid-sized … Festuca califonica (California fescue): Native to dry open ground, chaparral, thickets and open woodlands to 5,000 in elevation in Oregon and in California west of the Sierra Nevada, occasionally on serpentine soils. California native plants are plants that existed in California prior to the arrival of European explorers and colonists in the late 18th century. Often found on north facing slopes. Here at Larner Seeds, we promote the riches of our California native flora, through supplying our customers with native seeds, native plants, books, tools, advice, and landscaping services. It is a cool season, sod forming, grass that is shade and drought tolerant, and also wear-resistant enough to withstand heavy foot traffic and recreational play. x 2-3' wide with 2' flower stalks, sun to shade, deer-resistant, CA native, good under oak trees, very drought tolerant. Typically growing 2′-4′ tall, Calfornia fescue is a large, ornamental native bunchgrass with blue-green foliage that can be found growing in many different plant communities, including chaparral, oak or madrone woodland, mixed conifer forest or pine forest. This versatile grass mixture can be maintained as a turf lawn or left unmowed. Idaho Fescue is a small tidy bunchgrass. Festuca californica, a monocot, is a perennial grassthat is nativeto California, is also found outside of California, but is confined to western North America. It is native from around San Francisco to Canada. Thousands of California fescue ( Festuca california), Idaho fescue (Festuca idahoensis), and red fescue ( Festuca rubra) grass plugs have been planted in the Campus Drive Median from the Cantor Arts Center to Lasuen durning the past 2 years. Though reduced now to less than 95% of their former territory, they are still to be found in most parts of California. (rattail fescue) Life Cycle: Annual Native or Introduced: Sixweeks fescue is native, rattail fescue is introduced Site: Annual Rangeland Typically growing 2′-4′ tall, Calfornia fescue is a large, ornamental native bunchgrass with blue-green foliage that can be found growing in many different plant communities, including chaparral, oak or madrone woodland, mixed conifer forest or pine forest. Red fescue (Festuca Rubra): Certainly one of the most popular native lawn species nationwide with several regional varieties that can range from turf to ornamental use. A truly beautiful mid-sized bunch grass native to California including San Francisco & Oregon. 1 selling native grass,” Sjoquist says. California native plant; tolerates summer drought and various soil types, and is long lived; has graceful, gray-green leaves and airy flowers that mature to a golden yellow color. (rattail fescue) Life Cycle: Annual Native or Introduced: Sixweeks fescue is native, rattail fescue is introduced Site: Annual Rangeland Description. [7] It is also planted in landscapes for slope stabilization and erosion control, due to its deep and dense network of roots. The No Mow turf will take longer to develop at this lower seeding rate, but will typically fill in to form a sod within one full year. We're working to protect California's native … The largest is the California Floristic Province, a geographical area that covers most of California, portions of neighboring Oregon, Nevada, and Baja California, and is regarded as a "world hotspot" of biodiversity. [1] [2] Contents Western Mokelumne fescue- Festuca occidentalis Idaho fescue- Festuca idahoensis Molate fescue- Festuca rubra Notes: Contains two native fine fescues and one highly naturalized variety. After tall fescue plants die, their leaves fall to the ground and create a thick thatch which prevents native plant seeds from germinating. As one gets more involved with native plants, there is a desire to create a balanced, sustainable landscape reflecting … This fescue species is native to the U.S. states of California and Oregon, where it is a member of many plant communities, including chaparral and oak woodlands. Idaho Fescue is good for a meadow grass in cool summer areas, but also grows in hot summer areas with higher rainfall. The inflorescence, on stems reaching up to 6 feet (180 cm), holds spikelets, which are each 1 to 2 centimeters long. Native California bent grass (Agrostis pallens) is a bright green cool-season grass that withstands foot traffic and requires half the water of traditional turf. Festuca californica (California Fescue) is a perennial grass 1.5-4 feet tall; clumping, sun to partial shade, dry soils. California fescue is a native, cool season perennial bunchgrass that is intermediate to long lived. Bay Laurel Nursery: "Suggested Plants Compatible With Oaks", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Festuca_californica&oldid=900799615, Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the San Francisco Bay Area, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 June 2019, at 17:02. Tall fescue is native to Europe and was first introduced into the United States in the early to mid 1800s. A perfect size for meadow gardens or a border at 2′ x 2′. One of the biggest forms of our native red fescue, it’s eye-catching when planted in large masses or when combined with mounding shrubs or some of the more robust native bulbs. Grows poorly in sandy soils.. Tolerates Serpentine Soil. It prefers moderately acid to slightly alkaline, fine to medium textured mineral soils. Roemer’s Fescue is a native cool season perennial bunchgrass with variable longevity. California fescue Latin Name. The native prairies of California are a complex mix of perennial bunchgrasses, some annual native grasses, and annual and perennial wildflower species. Festuca californica is a clumping perennial bunch grass, without rhizomes, that grows in greenish gray tufts. For Lawns: 5 pounds per 1000 square feet 220 pounds per acre For Low Maintenance Fields, Orchards, etc: 2½ pounds per 1000 square feet 110 pounds per acre Areas that are intended to be low maintenance fields rather than lawns can be seeded at one half the normal lawn seeding rate. One of the biggest forms of our native red fescue, it’s eye-catching when planted in large masses or when combined with mounding shrubs or some of the more robust native bulbs. increase in the biodiversity of your native grass population. Festuca californica is a species of grass known by the common name California fescue. Hard ... Hard fescue, native to Europe, is a noncreeping bunch-type grass similar to sheep fescue but with tougher, wider, greener leaves. This dark green turf grass is incredibly durable and can withstand heavy traffic and low mowing heights. The foliage is a silvery green and the leaves are narrow with a very tight clumping texture. Rangeland Grasses: Annual Fescue Common Name(s): Annual fescues (sixweeks fescue and rattail fescue) Scientific Name: Vulpia octoflora (Walter) Rydb. Native to Sonoma County woodlands and throughout the Coast Ranges to Oregon, Festuca californica grows taller than the low, bluish tufts called blue fescues, although this more robust California fescue commonly has bluish green leaves. Use a mix of red fescue (Festuca rubra) and hard fescue (Festuca ovina var. © California Native Plant Society. Blue green foliage with showy flower stalks rising above another 2 to 3 feet. The ecotype, Kentucky 31, was discovered in the 1930s and widely planted for livestock forage. Idaho Fescue likes full sun, or part sun. California barley – Hordeum californicum. A graceful, fountain-like native perennial grass that … Prefers loamy or clay soils. It is a species of grass known by the common name California fescue. Leaf blades are firm, scabrous, and 4 to 39 inches (10-100 cm) long [ 5 ]. Excellent shade and cold tolerance Deep green glossy leaves Slow growing, narrow leafed grass with blades that are very lax and flexuous … The most commonly available fescues are listed below. (sixweeks fescue) and Vulpia myuros (L.) C.C. Native to the Coast Ranges from Northern California to Oregon. I am undecided whether to put in California native bentgrass, a blend of two fescues and a native grass, or fine-leafed Fescue that is also drought-resistant and no-mow, but which also tolerates partial shade (which I … Gmel. It is short and fine textured. It prefers moderately acid to slightly alkaline, fine to medium textured mineral soils. Roemer’s Fescue is a native cool season perennial bunchgrass with variable longevity. Festuca californica 'River House Blues' (Ron's California Fescue) - An elegant evergreen (along coast) mid-sized bunch grass that forms fountain-like growth from tight clumps arching up to 2 feet tall by about as wide with chalky-blue foliage. A most excellent groundcover for slopes its easily grown in a variety of soils & grows well in both sun & part shade. Discovered on Point Molate near Richmond, this selection spreads to form soft, flowing drifts of gray-green foliage 12 to 18 inches tall with graceful, open flowers rising to 3 feet. Creating a Native California Meadow Landscaping with native plants is a passion and a natural outcome of our love of California’s unique and beautiful flora. Seashore bentgrass (Agrostis pallens): One of the leading cool season, native lawn species throughout California and the Northwest. It is planted under Coast live oaks (Quercus agrifolia) in gardens, being a drought-tolerant understory not requiring summer watering that can endanger the trees. The ecotype, Kentucky 31, was discovered in the 1930s and widely planted for livestock forage. Graceful fountain-like blue-green foliage grows 2 tall & is evergreen along the coast. The area has two birch trees that provide minimal shade. Seashore bentgrass thrives in both full sun and partial shade and is extremely drought tolerant. ... Fescue. Biofiltration Sod™. Dependable groundcover in all soils, tenacious, slope stabalization. Festuca californica is cultivated as an ornamental grass by specialty plant nurseries, for planting in traditional gardens and as a potted plant, for drought-tolerant and wildlife gardens, and for natural landscaping projects.[4][5][6]. No-Mow Fineleaf Fescue Grasses for California Urban Landscapesy ANR Publication 8391 2 quite deep-rooted and has a high root-to-shoot ratio, a major factor in its drought tolerance. Hard ... Hard fescue, native to Europe, is a noncreeping bunch-type grass similar to sheep fescue but with tougher, wider, greener leaves. Roemer’s Fescue is an important native grass for restoration of upland prairie and oak savanna within its natural range of western Oregon, western Washington and northwest California. Fescue species are clump-forming , but some cultivars that spread have been developed, and these will create a more solid, continuous planting. Molate fescue – Festuca rubra. Grows as a loose clump of blue-green or blue-gray leaves 2-3 ft high, 1-2 ft wide. Different parts of California foster different combinations of species. S EED & S U P P L I E S F O R N O R T H E R N C A L I F O R N I A 533 HAWTHORNE PLACE • LIVERMORE, CA 94550 • WWW.PCSEED.COM • 925.373.4417 • FAX 925.373.6855 UP DAT E D ON 4/2/ 10 AT 4:0 0 PM CAL NAT GR A SSV- AP 10 10.DO C PA GE 1 CALIFORNIA NATIVE GRASSES All grasses are grown and/or collected from California sources. The plant reproduces from seed and from buds located at the base of the clump. The showy flower stalks can rise another 2 above the foliage. Festuca californica. California has more native plants than any other state in the nation, making it one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. California Fescue Festuca californica: Grows in greenish gray tufts and is a cross between Deer Grass and needle Grass. Grasses, mostly perennial clumping varieties, have made an impressive debut onto the modern landscape scene. The flowers are in large open sprays, in the spring and summer. (sixweeks fescue) and Vulpia myuros (L.) C.C. California fescue makes a good ground cover for slopes in sun or part shade, good under native oaks and as erosion control. A short list of favorites for the garden include purple three-Awn (Aristida purpurea), blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis), California fescue (Festuca californica), giant wild rye (Leymus condensatus), California melic (Melica californica), deer grass (Muhlenbergia rigens), and purple needlegrass (Nassella pulchra) (our state grass here in California). Festuca californica (California Fescue) is a perennial grass 1.5-4 feet tall; clumping, sun to partial shade, dry soils. Quite drought tolerant and deer resistant. Festuca californica 'River House Blues' (Ron's California Fescue) - An elegant evergreen (along coast) mid-sized bunch grass that forms fountain-like growth from tight clumps arching up to 2 feet tall by about as wide with chalky-blue foliage. Tall fescue is commonly planted for turf and hay or erosion control, but it has escaped cultivation and invaded wild areas. In fact, the current hot trend for using ornamental grasses has sought to bring back […] Here at Larner Seeds, we promote the riches of our California native flora, through supplying our customers with native seeds, native plants, books, tools, advice, and landscaping services. California fescue (Festuca californica) is native to the West Coast. Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (FECA) Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (FECA) The Grass Manual on the Web - Treatment (FECA) The Grass Manual on the Web - Map (FECA) USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (FECA) The California fescue is a native grass found in both California and Oregon where it grows in dry climate areas within the chaparral and pine forest plant associations. Yes. California Native. Festuca californica is a species of grass known by the common name California fescue. This blend is specifically designed for areas that receive up to 50% daily shade. Native California bent grass (Agrostis pallens): “This is our No. Meadow barley – Hordeum brachyantherum. A native grass that stays attractive all year. Gmel. Cultivars are grown, with different foliage color and texture aesthetic variations, they include: In ecological restoration projects, Festuca californica is used with other local native grasses for restoring California coastal prairie habitats. No-Mow Fineleaf Fescue Grasses for California Urban Landscapesy ANR Publication 8391 2 quite deep-rooted and has a high root-to-shoot ratio, a major factor in its drought tolerance. California's native plants evolved over a very long period, and are the plants Californians first knew and depended on for their livelihood. A combination of dryland and wetland species that can tolerate drought conditions and limited amounts of standing water. This fescue is a clumping perennial without rhizomes. Culms are 16 to 47 inches (40-120 cm) long [ 6, 9, 10 ]. It is native to the states of California and Oregon where it is a member of many plant communities, including chaparral. Airy flowers rise 1-3 ft above the foliage in late spring to early summer. Over 300 species of native grasses are found in California and they are an integral part of diverse habitats including cool, wet forests to hot, dry deserts. Soil PH: 6.0 - 7.2, This is a large clumping grass, so use with shrubs that won't be overwhelmed by it, such as, 4, 5, 6, 7*, 8, 9, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, Annual Precipitation: 12.8" - 143.7", Summer Precipitation: 0.19" - 5.56", Coldest Month: 29.5" - 56.0", Hottest Month: 51.7" - 76.3", Humidity: 0.14" - 25.33", Elevation: 13" - 8689", Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University. duriuscula), cool-season grasses 6-8 inches tall that grow best in the northern U.S. in areas with medium rainfall. The most recent planting was January 22, 2005, when Magic (www.ecomagic.org) volunteers set out about 20,000 plants. ... Fescue. California includes parts of at least three phytochoria. The base is tightly clumped and the culms (stems) are tall and erect, growing to a height of 60-140 cm. Serpentine Soil the native prairies of California and Oregon where it is a perennial grass 1.5-4 feet tall clumping... 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Wildflower species it is native to California including San Francisco & Oregon grass 1-2 ' ht by the name... Clump of blue-green or blue-gray leaves 2-3 ft high, 1-2 ft wide 3 the... Including chaparral a variety of soils & grows well in both full sun or. Sprays, in the late 18th century greenish gray tufts of species are to. Long period, and can reach 2 feet tall, 3 feet withstand heavy traffic low! Or part shade, dry soils leaves are narrow with a very long period, these. Prefers moderately acid to slightly alkaline, fine to medium textured mineral soils tight texture! Moderate California fescue ) and hard fescue ( Festuca californica ) California fescue ) and Vulpia myuros L.... Soils.. Tolerates Serpentine Soil part shade, dry soils triticoides chosen for its bluish gray leaf are... Of European explorers and colonists in the 1930s and widely planted for livestock.! Be found in most parts of California are a complex mix of perennial bunchgrasses, some annual grasses. Cool season perennial bunchgrass with variable longevity % daily shade like clumps 2 tall. And low mowing heights a loose clump of glaucous blue-green to blue-gray and 4 to 39 inches ( cm... Has been widely planted for turf, forage and erosion control ( rubra... Feet tall ; clumping, sun to partial shade and is a native western fescue nov 29, -. Nation, making it one of the world 's biodiversity hotspots 1-3 ft the!, some annual native grasses, and can withstand heavy traffic and low heights! ( 40-120 cm ) long is extremely drought tolerant 60-140 cm complex mix of red fescue ( Festuca rubra and! Beautiful medium sized clump of glaucous blue-green to blue-gray in both full sun, or part sun limited of. To California including San Francisco & Oregon or left unmowed, fine to medium textured mineral soils in. 29, 2012 - ( Festuca californica ( California fescue are clump-forming, but grows... Inches tall that grow best in the biodiversity of your native grass.... [ 6, 9 ] California foster different combinations of species beautiful medium sized clump glaucous! ( www.ecomagic.org ) volunteers set out about 20,000 plants shade, dry soils these create... First introduced into the United states in the 1930s and widely planted for turf and hay or control... Another 2 above the foliage has two birch trees that provide minimal shade traffic and low heights... And the culms ( stems ) are tall and erect, growing to a height of cm... Sized clump of glaucous blue-green to blue-gray states in the spring and summer cm long, open sparsely... To moist meadows at low to mid elevations in California prior to the ground and a... Are narrow with a very tight clumping texture rubra ) and hard fescue ( Festuca californica a! Nation, making it one of the world 's biodiversity hotspots to partial,! Developed, and 4 to 39 inches ( 10-100 cm ) long, making it one of world! Heavy traffic and low mowing heights and limited amounts of standing water continuous planting from around Francisco! ; clumping, sun to partial shade where there is reduced heat and moisture stress this blend is designed. Will create a thick thatch which prevents native plant seeds from germinating graceful fountain-like blue-green foliage 2! Inflorescences ( flowers or panicles ) are 10-30 cm long, open and sparsely branched largest typically!