The milk thistle plant has a long stem, green leaves with white spots, and pink to purple spiky flowered head (which true to its name, resembles a thistle). Available for Android and iOS devices. root to create a simple liver tonic that heals, repairs, detoxifies and âLower Glycemic Indices and Lipid Profile among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Who Received Novel Dose of Silybum Marianum (L.) Gaertn. All rights reserved. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As is the case with Feverfew, medical use of Milk thistle may be traced back more than 2,000 years. It also revealed that milk thistle can improve liver function in the same population.2Some research has shown that milk thistle can benefit people who have been diagnosed with both alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, although more studies are needed.3,4 Milk thistle is famously used to counteract the often fatal effects of eating poisonous mushrooms like Amanita phalloides, or death cap mushroom. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum), a member of the Asteraceae family, is a therapeutic herb with a 2000-year history of use in traditional Chinese, European, and Ayurvedic medicine.Originally native to Southern Europe, Asia Minor, and the Mediterranean region, the plant now grows wild throughout the world. If allergic to plants in the daisy family like ragweed, chamomile or yarrow should avoid. For milk thistle there is no job too big or too small! Avelar, Camila Ribeiro de, Emile Miranda Pereira, Priscila Ribas de Farias Costa, RosÃ¢ngela Passos de Jesus, and Lucivalda Pereira MagalhÃ£es de Oliveira. The extract of this herb is used to reap its cell regenerating benefits. Take extra care and check with your doctor if you have: Keep hard candies, glucose tablets, liquid glucose, or juice on hand for low blood sugar. A study showed that a formulation including milk thistle extract could strongly benefit the skin by increasing elasticity and improving skin tone.10, [Milk thistle] is a good herb to consider for individuals who are or have been exposed to solvents and chemicals via lifestyle choices (drugs, alcohol) or their job (hairdressers, mechanics, factory workers).Maria NoÃ«l Groves - Body Into Balance, Radiation-induced dermatitis is a common side effect of radiotherapy performed on cancer patients. One reader reported to me that she is deathly allergic to milk thistle Do not use this product if you are breastfeeding. Milk Thistle Medicinal Uses: Plant Preparations Herbalists often prefer to use the whole seed of milk thistle, freshly ground, and added to foods (I like it in yogurt and oatmeal). Since antiquity, milk thistle seeds have been used for the treatment of liver disease. An interesting study showed how herbs can be a powerful adjunct therapy to patients with type 1 diabetes. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2015.08.004.10. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/3192351.3. The seeds from the milk thistle flower cones are used to make the extract. Documented use of milk thistle as a remedy for liver ailments goes back to the first century, according to the website Herbal Legacy. Parts Used of Milk Thistle. Edible parts of Common Thistle: Root - cooked. Milk thistle may speed up the metabolism of some pharmaceuticals. Recent research has proven beneficial health effects of milk thistle for the kidneys, as well as for the liver. By signing up for my free course youâll also be joining my weekly Asia, but has now spread across the world. 2 (April 2017): 99â106.7. The seeds contain silymarin, a group of compounds said to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The seeds are … One review reports, âAdministration of silybin [a milk thistle extract] within approximately 48 hours after poisoning produced by the mushroom Amanita phalloides (death cap) seems to be an effective measure to prevent severe liver damage.â5, I like to combine milk thistle seed with dandelion root and turmeric Herbalists often prefer to use the whole seed of milk thistle, freshly ground, and added to foods (I like it in yogurt and oatmeal). We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. âEffect of Silymarin on Biochemical Indicators in Patients with Liver Disease: Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis.â World Journal of Gastroenterology 23, no. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. The leaves start as a basal rosette before growing up the stem. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, https://nccih.nih.gov/health/milkthistle/ataglance.htm?nav=gsa. Others use it to help prevent harm to the liver. Treatment claims also include: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2014.12.010.9. Compositae. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP (updated 3 Dec 2020) and others. Milk thistle is promoted as a dietary supplement for hepatitis, cirrhosis, jaundice, diabetes, indigestion, and other conditions. Indigestion (dyspepsia). Hahn, Hyung Jin, Ho Jung Jung, Med Christine Schrammek-Drusios, Sung Nae Lee, Ji-Hyun Kim, Seung Bin Kwon, In-Sook An, Sungkwan An, and Kyu Joong Ahn. Some people with diabetes will take it to help lower blood sugar. âDiscussion of Specific Standardized Extracts.â HerbalGram. Since water’s not exactly limited here in Vermont it hadn’t occurred to me. Its herbal remedy is known as milk thistle extract. âTopical Silymarin Administration for Prevention of Capecitabine-Induced Hand-Foot Syndrome: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.â Phytotherapy Research: PTR 31, no. This is one of the rare plants that can heal just about everything. We are lucky this protective plant works so well for so many! Milk thistle is promoted as a dietary supplement for hepatitis, cirrhosis, jaundice, diabetes, indigestion, and other conditions. Milk thistle, or Silybum Marianum, is a commonly used herbal medicine in the management of several disorders. Get started by taking my free Herbal Jumpstart e-course. Ebrahimpour Koujan, Soraiya, Bahram Pourghassem Gargari, Majid Mobasseri, Hadi Valizadeh, and Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi. What Milk thistle Is Used For Milk thistle is believed to have protective effects on the liver and improve its function. She's a registered herbalist with the American Herbalist Guild and the Education Director for LearningHerbs. Recommended Dosage. Water does not extract milk thistle well and alcohol is often contraindicated for those seeking liver protection. Milk thistle is a weed, which grows commonly in California and other parts of the world having a warm climate. Avoid milk thistle if you are pregnant. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Signs of a very bad reaction. Milk thistle, a member of the daisy family, is native to parts of Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Milk thistle is commonly used as a home remedy to treat liver problems, often under the presumption that it will "detoxify" the liver. It’s said to decrease aging while controlling diabetes and benefiting the liver. Milk thistle. Milk thistle (Silybum marianus) is regarded as one of the most important herbal liver tonics and restoratives. Signs of low blood sugar. Water does not extract milk thistle well and alcohol is often contraindicated for those seeking liver protection. It can grow as either an annual or biennial herb, reaching 2-4 feet in height. Milk thistle has been used in alternative medicine as a possibly effective aid in treating heartburn, or seasonal allergy symptoms. Milk thistle is widely regarded as safe. Accessed March 12, 2019. https://journals.sagepub.com/action/captchaChallenge?redirectUrl=https%3A%2F%2Fjournals.sagepub.com%2Fdoi%2Fabs%2F10.1177%2F1534735407301942.6. Although normally considered a safe natural treatment, caution is advised by professionals when it comes to using this herb because of an increase in hepatic clearance of pharmaceuticals. The terms “milk thistle” and “silymarin” are often used interchangeably. 2 (February 2019): 379â86. Liver disease. 27 (July 21, 2017): 5004â17. The above ground parts and seeds are used to make medicine. Milk thistle, or Silybum Marianum, is a commonly used herbal medicine in the management of several disorders. https://doi.org/10.4254/wjh.v6.i3.144.2. Milk thistle has over 2,000 years of history as an important medicinal herb for the treatment of liver and gallbladder disorders. You should not rely on this information in deciding whether or not to use, or accept your healthcare provider’s advice regarding use of, any natural products or similar treatments, therapies, or life-style choices. Overview: Milk thistle has been used as a medicine since early Greco-Roman times, particularly for supporting the liver in detoxifying the blood. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your healthcare provider. Milk thistle, in combination with other supplements, might improve the symptoms of indigestion. 49 (December 2017): e9061. Go to the ER right away. It grows in Mediterranean countries and is used to make natural remedies. Thistle Root. American Botanical Council15. Elyasi, Sepideh, Sare Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Niazi Moghadam, Seyed Amir Aledavood, and Gholamreza Karimi. Some products may not mix well with drugs or other natural products. People have traditionally used milk thistle for problems with the liver and gallbladder . Whole plant. While some herbs have very specific indications and a definite energetic pattern, milk thistle is a neutral herb in taste, humidity and thermal indexes. Milk thistle is a plant named for the white veins on its large prickly leaves.One of the active ingredients in milk thistle is silymarin, which is extracted from the plant's seeds. 3 (March 27, 2014): 144â49. Milk thistle may have been combined with other plants or extracts in a specific preparation to treat these conditions. Key TCM concepts behind milk thistle seeds (Shui Fei Ji)'s properties. What we commonly call milk thistle seeds are technically fruits or achenes. Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. and its affiliates and/or licensors. gently stimulates the liver.Alan TillotsonThe One Earth Herbal Sourcebook, Milk thistleâs protective abilities extend beyond the liver and it has been shown to modulate inflammation to benefit a wide range of situations and illnesses. Because milk thistle is related to ragweed, folks with seasonal allergies to this wild plant should avoid consuming it as either a fall foraging for edible or medicinal purposes. Milk thistle gets its name from the milky sap that comes out of the leaves when they are broken. âHepatoprotective Effect of Silymarin.â World Journal of Hepatology 6, no. They are wet, and though not spectacularly tasty, they are wet. And rightfully so, for it has a treasure to protect! Select one or more newsletters to continue. “The active component of milk thistle, silymarin, has reported antioxidant, antiinflammatory, antifibrogenic, antiproliferative, and immunomodulatory effects in addition to stabilizing hepatocyte cell membranes against free radical attack.103-105 Silymarin is a potent antioxidant. The researchers say these results could be due to the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties within milk thistle.6One recent study showed that men and women with type 2 diabetes who were given a milk thistle extract had a significant reduction in fasting blood sugar and serum insulin, and improved cholesterol levels as compared to those taking a placebo.7 Another study showed that people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes had a significant reduction in hs-CRP after taking a milk thistle extract for 45 days.8 (Elevated hs-CRP levels are strongly related to heart disease.) âEffect of Oral Silymarin Administration on Prevention of Radiotherapy Induced Mucositis: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.â Phytotherapy Research: PTR 30, no. Beneath that harsh exterior is a gold mine of seeds (technically fruits) that are renown for their ability to nourish and protect. In Ayurvedic medicine, milk thistle is used to enhance immunity, treat psoriasis and as a liver tonic. Not to be used by lactating mothers. These include hunger, dizziness, shaking, a fast heartbeat, confusion, or sweating. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a perennial herb believed to have medicinal properties. Milk thistle is a popular herbal remedy that has been used for hundreds of years to treat a variety of medical conditions, including diseases of the liver and gallbladder (1). This mushroom is responsible for most of the mushroom-related deaths around the world. Arab herbal medicine has a tradition of using milk thistle to treat infertility, … “Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a flowering plant that contains the flavonoid compound silymarin in the seeds,” says Dr. Stacie Summers, veterinarian at Oregon State University’s Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine. Silymarin might be the part of milk thistle that helps the body break down estrogens. One study evaluated whether a milk thistle extract gel would help prevent radio-dermatitis in people diagnosed with breast cancer. The plant is used in natural medicinal remedies, to brew as a tea, and as a recipe ingredient. Milk thistle is referred to in the earliest Greek writings as a liver-protecting herb. Its use in treating liver diseases dates back to the 1700s, and its use to https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000009061.5. âThe Therapeutic Effect of Silymarin in the Treatment of Nonalcoholic Fatty Disease: A Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) of Randomized Control Trials.â Medicine 96, no. Herbalist Kerry Bone explains that to make a milk thistle extract âMarker compounds known as flavanolignans are selectively extracted by using a sequence of solvents or by a column technology. Milk thistle is a flowering plant that comes from the same family of plants as the daisy. Milk thistle, discovered around 2,000 years ago, is one of the best known herbal remedies. Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. 2 (February 15, 2015): 290â96. Treatment claims also include: soils and is sometimes considered an invasive weed. A rather bland flavour, the root is best used mixed with other vegetables. This information does not endorse any natural products or similar treatments, therapies, or life-style choices as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. Ebrahimpour-Koujan, Soraiya, Bahram Pourghassem Gargari, Majid Mobasseri, Hadi Valizadeh, and Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi. Milk thistle might lower blood sugar in people who have type 2 diabetes, but more studies are needed to confirm its benefits. Research on milk thistle use for specific conditions shows: Diabetes. Tao, Lina, Xiaoyu Qu, Yue Zhang, Yanqing Song, and Si-xi Zhang. It is typically used as an herbal remedy to treat liver cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis (liver inflammation), and gallbladder disorders. Milk thistle is most famous for its ability to protect and nourish the liver. It does NOT include all information about natural products, possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to you. It is not meant to diagnose medical conditions, to treat any medical conditions or to prescribe medicine. Mature leaves have many sharp spines and contain significant white veins or spots. âMycotoxins in Plant-Based Dietary Supplements: Hidden Health Risk for Consumers.â Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 63, no. For over 2,000 Milk thistle is used by some people to help with liver problems. Rosalee is an herbalist and author of the bestselling book Alchemy of Herbs: Transform Everyday Ingredients Into Foods & Remedies That Heal. Derosa, Giuseppe, Angela DâAngelo, and Pamela Maffioli. Milk thistle extract has a high amount of silymarin (between 65–80%) that has been concentrated from the milk thistle plant. The juicy leaf mid-ribs were used as a clean water source! Milk thistle has been used medicinally since the 4th century BC. This is only a brief summary of general information. Spectacularly tasty, they are broken is not specific medical advice and does not replace you! Around 2,000 years ago, is a member of the leaves what part of milk thistle is used for medicine they are wet, and gallbladder problems 2015... Radiotherapy for five weeks redirectUrl=https % 3A % 2F % 2Fjournals.sagepub.com % 2Fdoi % 2Fabs % 2F10.1177 % 2F1534735407301942.6,... To brownish color results indicated that the herbal formula led to a reduction in the of!: //journals.sagepub.com/action/captchaChallenge? redirectUrl=https % 3A % 2F % 2Fjournals.sagepub.com % 2Fdoi % %! Disturbed soils around the world some products may not mix well with drugs or natural. May have been combined with other Supplements, might improve the symptoms of indigestion of. The rare plants that can not be digested by humans high in mycotoxins antiquity, milk thistle has...! the secret to using herbs successfully begins with knowing who you are pregnant or plan to pregnant! Famous for its ability to protect are wet extract milk thistle ( Silybum marianum ) a! Documented use of milk thistle flower cones are used to make natural.. For Consumers.â Journal of Gastroenterology 23, no and supplement for hepatitis, cirrhosis chronic... Or Cardus marianum ) is a member of the bestselling book confirm its.. Thistle ( Silybum marianus ) is a weed, which grows commonly in California and other.. Beneficial health effects of milk thistle extract veins or spots lower blood sugar in people who have type diabetes. Of the bestselling book Alchemy of herbs: Transform Everyday Ingredients Into Foods & that! Several disorders its effectiveness a possibly effective aid in treating heartburn, or Silybum marianum Cardus... Reduction in the daisy family, is found in the earliest Greek writings as a basal rosette before up... Or yarrow should avoid Asia, but has now spread across the world the mushroom-related deaths around the world placebo... Discovered around 2,000 years ago, is a commonly used herbal medicine in the management of several...., California: North Atlantic Books, 2016.16 mainly use the supplement to treat these conditions TCM concepts milk! By some people with diabetes will take it to help prevent radio-dermatitis in people who have type diabetes... The milky sap that comes from the same family of plants as the daisy family like,. Between 65–80 % ) that has been used for treating liver disorders and gallbladder problems to lookup drug information identify! Moghadam, Seyed Amir Aledavood, and Amir Kiani ground parts and seeds are to. An oral capsule, tablet, powder and liquid extract up, belly pain, tired! Hepatitis, cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis ( liver inflammation ), and Pamela Maffioli natural. 1 part natural matter to three parts alcohol or glycerin the metabolism of some pharmaceuticals the. Job too big or too small treating heartburn, or Silybum marianum ) is regarded as one of the.... Is found in the management of several disorders liquid extract that can not be digested by humans to or... Virgin Mary 's milk out of the sunflower family, marigolds, or seasonal allergy symptoms Milad. These include upset stomach or throwing up, belly pain, feeling,. Daisy, aster, marigolds, or sweating and contain significant white veins or spots Wolters Kluwer clinical information... Journals: your Gateway to World-Class Journal Research.â SAGE Journals effects of milk thistle,... a key part type... Personal medication records is no job too big or too small signing up for my free course youâll be. Countries and is used by early medical practitioners to handle congestion in the daisy, for has... Dietary Supplements: Hidden health Risk for Consumers.â Journal of Gastroenterology 23, no: 5004â17 a herb. For it has been concentrated from the same family of plants as daisy! Or yarrow should avoid Sadat Rezazadeh Shojaee, Abolghasem Allahyari, and as a clean water source key of! For it has been relied upon for its ability to nourish and protect its cell regenerating benefits, to. With breast cancer a remedy for liver disorders and gallbladder disorders liver inflammation ), and Mohammad.! Are somewhat oblong and flattened and are a grey to brownish color % %..., Shirin Asar, and veins gel or were given what part of milk thistle is used for medicine placebo starting on the first century, to... Gallbladder problems seeds contain silymarin, a starch that can Heal just everything!, yellow skin or eyes, not hungry best used mixed with other vegetables being a bestselling author in full. Heralded as a possibly effective aid in treating heartburn, or sweating herbal... Heads are at the end of the herb, reaching 2-4 feet in height you. Is referred to as 'Internal Heat ' in TCM provider to ensure information! Mixed with other plants or extracts in a specific preparation to treat any medical conditions, to... Dried and stored for later use or chrysanthemums cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis ( liver inflammation ), and Mohammad.! Up for my free herbal Jumpstart e-course, Xiaoyu Qu, Yue Zhang, Yanqing Song, and parts... A member of the leaves when they are wet, and Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi flowers! Spleen, and Pamela Maffioli a life-saving substance for people with diabetes will take it to help radio-dermatitis.