He is the President of the Infosys Science Foundation for the year 2015. Companies Associated With. Our construction is focused on tree-friendly practices with minimal concrete cover, local flora and rainwater harvesting. Shibulal", "What's Infosys 3.0 and how it will compete", "K.V. Further, Shruti Shibulal is among 9 leaders selected from South Asia and 5 from India. Today, she is a rising star in the hospitality industry. It owns and operates three brands, viz, ‘The Tamara Resorts’, ‘O by Tamara’ and ‘Lilac Hotels’. Shruti Shibulal is among 100 young leaders, under the age of 40, who are tackling the world’s “most complex challenges with innovative approaches”. Purnima also recently won the Outstanding Woman Entrepreneur of Kerala Award in Kerala. Selected into a five-year programme, this year’s class of 100 Young Global Leaders is split evenly between business and not-for-profit sectors – building a global community of peers who can capitalize on diverse talents, experiences and networks to bridge divides that exist in society and achieve more together than they could separately, the WEF said. “We’ve asked these young leaders to join the YGL community because of their ground-breaking work, creative approaches to problems and ability to build bridges across cultures and between business, government and civil society. ... alignment with age. Shibulal started his career in 1979, as a software engineer, with one of India's first software company and systems integrator, Patni Computer Systems. He was the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Infosys,[3] and one of its seven founding members. His Infosys journey began in 1981, when "Infosys Consultants Pvt Ltd."[6] was co-founded on 2 July 1981 by - N. R. Narayana Murthy, Nandan Nilekani, N. S. Raghavan, S. Gopalakrishnan, K. Dinesh, Ashok Arora, and Shibulal - after they resigned from Patni. in Physics. Kumari D Shibulal are some of the alias or nicknames that Kumari has used. Shruti Shibulal: Tamara Resorts will be launching a luxury resort … Shruti also endeavors to generate local employment through her various projects and to establish global best practices within the Indian hospitality industry. Previous to Kumari's current city of Bellevue, WA, Kumari Shibulal lived in Braintree MA, Milton MA and Quincy MA. Rwitwika Bhattacharya Agarwal, Shruti Shibulal, Ambarish Mitra, Hindol Sengupta, and Vijay Shekhar Sharma. Daughter Shruti Shibulal is with the hospitality industry, while son Shreyas is pursuing engineering from a US university * WEALTH: Rs 4,331 crore as on December 31, 2013. [13] Soon after taking over, Shibulal announced Infosys 3.0, the strategy that would propel Infosys into its next phase of evolution. Five Indians, including Paytm Founder and CEO Vijay Shekhar Sharma and Shruti The Tamara, a leading hospitality Group in India, currently operates in Coorg, Karnataka (as a luxury resort, The Tamara Coorg), Bangalore (as Lilac, a European themed hostel concept) and in Kerala (as a destination resort, Palma Laguna). [8] Between 1991 and 1996, he was responsible for designing and implementing Sun's first e-commerce application. [15], In 2014 Shibulal co-founded Axilor Ventures, a venture capital service for young entrepreneurs. In this role, he focused on increasing competitiveness, improving customer experience, enhancing employee engagement and increasing the depth of services. [13] In April 2014 Shibulal expressed the desire to retire as its chief executive officer and managing director. Shruti Shibulal is among 100 young leaders, under the age of 40, who are tackling the world’s “most complex challenges with innovative approaches”. The Forum of Young Global Leaders is a community of over 800 enterprising, socially-minded men and women selected under the age of 40 from across the world. (Image Credit: Youtube), Shruti Shibulal daughter of Infosys co-founder SD Shibulal named young global leader 2017 of World Economic Forum, Farmers’ stir: SC says will stay the laws; govt, legal experts differ, Union Minister Shripad Naik hurt, wife succumbs to injuries after massive car crash in Karnataka, PM Narendra Modi should take COVID-19 vaccine first to allay doubts: NCP, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Share Price, This website follows the DNPA’s code of conduct. It's EBITDA has increased by 115.79 % over the previous year. [10][11], On 22 June 2007, Shibulal took over from Kris Gopalakrishnan as the Chief Operating Officer. Shruti Shibulal is among 100 young leaders, under the age of 40, who are tackling the world's "most complex challenges with innovative approaches". About SHRUTI SHIBULAL . [20] He also serves on board of the foundation, Globethics.net,[21] the Seoul International Business Advisory Council (SIBAC),[22] and the Global Corporate Governance Forum’s Private Sector Advisory Group. These leaders highlight the potential for innovation to correct the shortcomings in our economies and societies,” said John Dutton, Head of the Forum of Young Global Leaders at the World Economic Forum (source). Shruti Shibulal, daughter of Infosys co-founder SD Shibulal, named … Shibulal, left Infosys in 1991 for a five-year sabbatical, and joined Sun Microsystems in the US. SHRUTI SHIBULAL. The couple has two children; daughter Shruti and son Shreyas. At the start of the assignment, they were not aware of the background of the promoters but the beauty is they gave their best shot because a client is a client is a client. Sewage and effluent treatment facilities guide waste-water back to bathrooms and landscaping,” says Shruti Five Indians in WEF's 2017 young global leaders list. He served as the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Infosys from 2011 – 2014. Innovations Investment Management India Private Limited has five directors - Sarojini Shibulal Damodaran, Kumari Shibulal, and others. Along with Purnima, Shruti Shibulal and Sheela James also received the award. On its website, announcing the class of 2017, the World Economic Forum addressed Shruti Shibulal as an accomplished hospitality executive who has promoted and cofounded premium hospitality projects in India and has several upcoming projects to her credit. A class on the French leader taught 29-year-old Shruti Shibulal to translate passion into a successful business. It was this missing something that pushed Shibulal into entrepreneurship. Shruti Shibulal is registered with Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). In a Financial Times interview in 2012,[5] it was cited that his favourite city is New York. Get live Stock Prices from BSE, NSE, US Market and latest NAV, portfolio of Mutual Funds, Check out latest IPO News, Best Performing IPOs, calculate your tax by Income Tax Calculator, know market’s Top Gainers, Top Losers & Best Equity Funds. Shruti Shibulal, Promoter and Director - Strategy and Development, The Tamara has been named as Young Global Leader 2017 by World Economic Forum. She strives to make Tamara synonymous with responsible tourism by incorporating principles of sustainability into the development and operations of each of Tamara's properties and creating impactful employment within their respective communities. Directors of Innovations Investment Management India Private Limited are Sarojini Shibulal Damodaran, Shreyas Shibulal, Shruti Shibulal, Kumari Shibulal, Asha Thomas and . In an interview, he was quoted in reference to his early childhood life - "I was the only child, and my parents were really keen that I stay at home and take up a teaching job.”[4] His father, Damodaran, was an ayurvedic doctor; and mother, Sarojini, a state excise department employee. a 5 star resort promoted by Shruti Shibulal, d/o SD Shibulal, the CEO of Infosys. In an exclusive interaction, Their DIN is 00420647. Shruti Shibulal is among 100 young leaders, under the age of 40, who are tackling the world’s “most complex challenges with innovative approaches”. [7] He played a pivotal role in the Infosys' journey; and his focus were its project management initiatives, followed by client relationships in North America. Entrepreneur Shruti Shibulal, on her cultural festival that’s currently in its third year Shruti Shibulal started learning ballet at the age of two and made her way to stage at the age of three. Under Shruti’s leadership, The Tamara is projected to own 1000 keys by 2025. Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter. Surprise – The children of Infosys’s founding fathers are striking … As a Young Global Leader, Shruti Shibulal aims to promote sustainability in hospitality, a subject she is deeply passionate about. Industry eyes interest, duty sops, OnePlus launches its first fitness band in India; specs, features, price and everything to know, Indian Navy's Sea Vigil-21: To ensure maritime security and keep the vast coastline safe, Copyright © [16][17][18][19], Shibulal is a member of the board of trustees, and the Metropolitan College Dean’s Advisory Board of Boston University. Shruti Shibulal, Director, Strategy & Development, The Tamara. [9] In 1997, on his return to Infosys, Shibulal established and headed the Internet Consultancy practice, which set the stage for the company’s evolution into a major global business consulting and IT services provider[10] Shibulal held a number of senior leadership roles which include: Head of Worldwide Sales and Customer Delivery, and Head of Infosys Manufacturing and Distribution and Internet Consulting practice. [12] On 21 August 2011, he took over his new role from Kris Gopalakrishnan. New Delhi: Five Indians, including Paytm Founder and CEO Vijay Shekhar Sharma and Shruti Shibulal also joined as the member of the Board of Directors of Infosys. You are here. S. D. Shibulal (born 1 March 1955, in Alappuzha, India), better known as Shibulal, is an Indian business executive. IT Services News: Shruti Shibulal, daughter of Infosys CEO S D Shibulal, whose 0.64% stake in the company is valued at nearly Rs 950 crore, has used this capital to cha He was the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Infosys, and one of its seven founding members. PM asks for strict vigil as bird flu spreads to 10 states, officials say no proof of virus’ human transmission, Union Minister Shripad Naik hurt, wife succumbs to injuries after massive car crash in Karnataka, India showed goodwill by returning captured PLA soldier: Chinese defence expert, Coronavirus | Enemy is down but not out, cautions CCMB director Rakesh Mishra, Coal sector to play vital role in achieving target of USD 5 trillion economy, says Home Minister Amit Shah, COVID-19 vaccination drive: States will not bear the cost for first 3 crore beneficiaries, says PM Modi, ISRO to adopt 100 Atal Tinkering Labs to promote scientific temperament among students, Budget 2021 Expectations: Will solar, green energy get more funds? Click here to join our channel and stay updated with the latest Biz news and updates. He is the President of the Infosys Science Foundation for the year 2015. The Forum of Young Global Leaders is a community of over 800 enterprising, socially-minded men and women selected under the age of 40 from across the world. Shruti Shibulal, Director, Strategy & Development, The Tamara. [23], Shibulal met his wife Kumari, during his university days in SD College. Summary: Kumari Shibulal is 65 years old today because Kumari's birthday is on 07/13/1955. Shruti Shibulal is among 100 young leaders, under the age of 40, who are tackling the world's "most complex challenges with innovative approaches". Tamara Leisure Experiences Private Limited has six directors - Sarojini Shibulal Damodaran, Shruti Shibulal, and others. He stepped down from the post of CEO and MD on 31 July 2014 and was succeeded by the first non-founder CEO of Infosys Dr. Vishal Sikka. what we heard 3 DALLAS Jennifer Reingold, Egon Zehnder, Barbara Bush, Co-founder and President, Global Health Corps, Sophie Isom and her ... alignment with age. [1] After completing schooling in T. D. High School, Alappuzha, he went to S. D. College in Alappuzha for his graduation. Innovations Investment Management India Private Limited's Corporate Identification Number is ... Age … Following is their current and past directorship holdings. It's EBITDA has increased by 29.18 % over the previous year. Shibulal, along with wife Kumari, daughter Shruti and son Shreyas, holds nearly 2.2% of Infosys shares, which has a market capitalisation of around $30 billion. It has upcoming projects in Trivandrum (a premium business hotel), Kodaikanal (The Tamara Kodai, a Luxury resort) and expansions to Palma Laguna in Kerala and Lilac in Bangalore. Shruti Shibulal is among 100 young leaders, under the age of 40, who are tackling the world’s “most complex challenges with innovative approaches”. India Business News: New Delhi, Mar 17 Five Indians, including Paytm Founder and CEO Vijay Shekhar Sharma and Shruti Shibulal of The Tamara Hospitality, have made it to Shibulal, born in Alappuzha in 1955, was the only child of his parents. Globally, younger women were more likely to say they eventually wanted to have a senior role—70 percent for women aged 18-22 versus 20 percent for women aged 51-60. [24], "Shibu: exceptional at execution and a great mentor", "S.D. He stepped down from the post of CEO and MD on 31 July 2014 and was succeeded by the first non-founder CEO of Infosys Dr. Vishal Sikka. The award was given to Purnima in recognition of her exemplary work in life and work that has inspired other women. Shruti Shibulal is CEO and Director of Tamara Leisure Experiences. Shibulal (Shibu) along with N.R. Entrepreneur Shruti Shibulal, on her cultural festival that’s currently in its third year Shruti Shibulal started learning ballet at the age of two and made her way to stage at the age of three. That may be because for all the collective energy 2021The Indian Express [P] Ltd. All Rights Reserved, Shruti Shibulal is among 9 leaders selected from South Asia and 5 from India. Read Article Tamara Leisure Experiences is a hospitality group built on the foundation of ‘Responsible and Memorable Hospitality’. Five Indians, including Paytm Founder and CEO Vijay Shekhar Sharma and Shruti Shibulal of The Tamara Hospitality, have made it to the World Economic Forum's 100 Young Global Leaders list. The 12-13 years after that constituted Infosys 2.0, developing the ability to supply services that allowed clients to become much more efficient and productive.”[8] As the Chief Executive Officer, Shibulal is focused on strengthening strategic partnerships with clients, increasing client relevance and evolving the company’s business model towards achieving Infosys’ aspirations of becoming the next generation global consulting and IT services corporation. degree in Computer Science from Boston University in 1987.[5]. He obtained an M.S. [14] On 12 June, it was announced that Shibulal would quit as CEO and MD of Infosys from 1 August 2014. Shibulal and S. Gopalakrishnan: Geek gods", "Tea with BS: Infosys co-founder, S D Shibulal", "The amazing Infosys story How Infosys was born", "Infosys chiefs Kris Gopalakrishnan and Sarojini Shibulal on the 'C-Life' and why the future lies in cloud computing", "When Shibulal quit Infosys, worked in Sun for 5 years and then came back", "Bloomberg Business Week executive profile of S.D. Further, Shruti Shibulal is among 9 leaders selected from South Asia and 5 from India. Five Indians, including Paytm Founder and CEO Vijay Shekhar Sharma and Shruti Shibulal of The Tamara Hospitality, ... the World Economic Forum (WEF) selects 100 young leaders, under the age of 40, who are tackling the world's most complex challenges with innovative approaches. Globally, younger women were … Poornima Indrajith Images. Browse Companies by Activity, Age and Location. Whether for business or pleasure, technology plays an integral part in the plans of people like S.D. Shibulal, Promoter and Director – Strategy and Development, The Tamara has been named as Young Global Leader 2017 by World Economic Forum. Upon completion, he joined Maharaja's College Ernakulam, then under University of Kerala, where he earned his M.Sc. It also has an upcoming project in Guruvayoor, (Lilac Guruvayoor) in India and owns two properties in Europe. Tamara Leisure Experiences's operating revenues range is INR 1 cr - 100 cr for the financial year ending on 31 March, 2017. Shruti Shibulal studied chemistry in college and then jumped lines to work at Merrill Lynch’s private wealth division, but something was clearly missing. Home › Director Profile. A class on the French leader taught 29-year-old Shruti Shibulal to translate passion into a successful business. One of his hobbies is dismantling and reassembling electronic devices to figure out how they work, and likes listening to Carnatic classical music. Kerala Insider’s 50 Most Influential People of 2020 Presenting Kerala Insider’s 50 Most Influential People Innovations Investment Management India's operating revenues range is INR 1 cr - 100 cr for the financial year ending on 31 March, 2016. [10], On 30 April 2011, the Infosys board announced that Shibulal was appointed as the new CEO and Managing director of the company. Narayana Murthy and five others, founded Infosys in 1981. S.D. Her desire is to bring to life The Tamara’s vision of building a ‘Sustainable Good Life’ for all its stakeholders. Kamath is Infosys chairman; Shibulal, the new CEO and MD", "Infosys Promotes Shibulal to Chief Executive as Outsourcing Revival Sought", "Infosys looks for new CEO as S D Shibulal quits in January 2015", "Vishal Sikka to replace Shibulal as CEO and MD of Infosys from August 1", "Infy co-founders launch startup incubator Axilor Ventures - VCCircle", "Infosys co-founders launch Axilor Ventures to support entrepreneurship, innovation - Franchise India", "Shibulal, Gopalkrishnan launch biz incubator Axilor Ventures", "Trustees Welcome Entrepreneur, Tech Expert, Investor (13 May 2011)", "Globethics.net Board of Foundation (since January 2009)", "Global Corporate Governance Forum's Private Sector Advisory Group", "Infosys CEO SD Shibulal owns 700+ apartments in Seattle; now buying in Berlin, Frankfurt", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=S._D._Shibulal&oldid=992636387, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 09:30. And follow us on Twitter Ambarish Mitra, Hindol Sengupta, and others ] Between 1991 and 1996, focused... Improving customer experience, enhancing employee engagement and increasing the depth of services of Infosys 2011... 1000 keys by 2025 and stay updated with the latest Biz news and updates University of Kerala in... Is dismantling and reassembling electronic devices to figure out how they work, and.!, Kumari Shibulal, left Infosys in 1991 for a five-year sabbatical, one. Founding members construction is focused on tree-friendly practices with minimal concrete cover local! Own 1000 keys by 2025 lived in Braintree MA, Milton MA and Quincy MA 29.18 % over previous! Including Paytm Founder and CEO Vijay Shekhar Sharma engagement and increasing the depth of services Science... ] in April 2014 Shibulal co-founded Axilor Ventures, a venture capital service for young entrepreneurs that has other. And Managing Director of Infosys from 1 August 2014 ] in April 2014 Shibulal expressed the desire retire..., d/o SD Shibulal, Director, Strategy & Development, the Tamara s... Shibulal would quit as CEO and MD of Infosys from 1 August 2014 work in life and work has!, Promoter and Director of Infosys from 1 August 2014 Axilor Ventures, a subject she is a hospitality built! Joined Sun Microsystems in shruti shibulal age us, during his University days in SD College also received the award, the. A rising star in the hospitality industry of his hobbies is dismantling reassembling. 2017 shruti shibulal age World Economic Forum [ 8 ] Between 1991 and 1996 he. The couple has two children ; daughter Shruti and son Shreyas [ 3 ] one. Leaders list Foundation of ‘ responsible and Memorable hospitality ’ 3.0 and how it will compete '', `` 's... – 2014 in this role, he was the Chief Executive Officer and shruti shibulal age... March, 2017 Shruti Shruti Shibulal to translate passion into a successful business Leader 2017 by World Economic.. Rainwater harvesting various projects and to establish Global best practices within the Indian hospitality industry over previous!, including Paytm Founder and CEO Vijay Shekhar Sharma and Shruti Shruti Shibulal to translate passion into a business! 21 August 2011, he was the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director nicknames that Kumari has used passionate.... The couple has two children ; daughter Shruti and son Shreyas has increased by 115.79 % over previous. A hospitality group built on the Foundation of ‘ responsible and Memorable hospitality ’ Guruvayoor, ( Guruvayoor... Kumari has used and Development, the Tamara that pushed Shibulal into entrepreneurship Facebook and follow us on Twitter that! Computer Science from Boston University in 1987. [ 5 ] it was missing... Today, she is a hospitality group built on the French Leader 29-year-old! From 1 August 2014 CEO and Director of Infosys 5 from India a young Global Leader 2017 by Economic! College Ernakulam, then under University shruti shibulal age Kerala award in Kerala recognition her! To Purnima in recognition of her exemplary work in life and work that has inspired other women Experiences 's revenues! Of ‘ responsible and Memorable hospitality ’ Strategy and Development, the is! Times interview in 2012, [ 5 ] it was cited that his city. And MD of Infosys from 2011 – 2014 Ambarish Mitra, Hindol Sengupta, and joined Sun Microsystems in us! Shekhar Sharma and Shruti Shruti Shibulal is among 9 leaders selected from South Asia and from. Of its seven founding members over from Kris Gopalakrishnan Paytm Founder and CEO Vijay Shekhar Sharma, SD..., founded Infosys in 1991 for a five-year sabbatical, and one of its seven founding members and of! And CEO Vijay Shekhar Sharma and Shruti Shruti Shibulal is among 9 leaders selected from South and! News and updates in hospitality, a subject she is a rising star in the plans of people like.. Has five directors - Sarojini Shibulal Damodaran, Kumari Shibulal, the Tamara ’ s vision of a! Shibulal into entrepreneurship `` Shibu: exceptional at execution and a great mentor '', `` K.V operating.... From 2011 – 2014 's Infosys 3.0 and how it will compete '', K.V! ‘ Sustainable Good life ’ for all its stakeholders Axilor Ventures, a venture capital for! Is focused on tree-friendly practices with minimal concrete cover, local flora and rainwater harvesting over new! And others [ 23 ], on 22 June 2007, Shibulal took over from Kris Gopalakrishnan as the Executive! On increasing competitiveness, improving customer experience, enhancing employee engagement and the... Guruvayoor, ( Lilac Guruvayoor ) in India and owns two properties in Europe D Shibulal are some of Infosys. India and owns two properties in Europe 12 June, it was announced Shibulal. That Kumari has used and follow us on Twitter couple has two children ; daughter Shruti and son Shreyas he... And MD of Infosys from 2011 – 2014 that has inspired other.... Was responsible for designing and implementing Sun 's first e-commerce application 1987. [ ]... And how it will compete '', `` Shibu: exceptional at execution and great... Left Infosys in 1991 for a five-year sabbatical, and joined Sun Microsystems in the us ( Guruvayoor! Resort promoted by Shruti Shibulal, d/o SD Shibulal, and joined Sun Microsystems in hospitality. Ma, Milton MA and Quincy MA College Ernakulam, then under University of Kerala, where earned... Work, and one of his hobbies is dismantling and reassembling electronic devices to figure out how work. Seven founding members her desire is to bring to life the Tamara Alappuzha... Tamara is projected to own 1000 keys by 2025 `` S.D, it was cited his! Endeavors to generate local employment through her various projects and to establish Global best practices within Indian... And Managing Director of Infosys, [ 3 ] and one of its seven founding.... Is dismantling and reassembling electronic devices to figure out how they work and! Experience, enhancing employee engagement and increasing the depth of services 29.18 % over the previous.. Murthy and five shruti shibulal age, founded Infosys in 1981, where he earned M.Sc... Award in Kerala 1991 for a five-year sabbatical, and likes listening to Carnatic music. 8 ] Between 1991 and 1996, he focused on tree-friendly practices with minimal concrete cover, flora! Tamara has been named as young Global Leader, Shruti Shibulal, Director, Strategy & Development, the ’! 23 ], in 2014 Shibulal expressed the desire to retire as its Executive! Along with Purnima, Shruti Shibulal and Sheela James also received the award was given Purnima. And updates was cited that his favourite city is new York Shruti Shibulal, d/o Shibulal..., was the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director Shibulal expressed the desire to retire as its Chief Executive and... - 100 cr for the year 2015 on Twitter Tamara is projected to own 1000 keys by 2025 1! Upcoming project in Guruvayoor, ( Lilac Guruvayoor ) in India and owns properties... Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Infosys from 2011 – 2014 venture capital service for entrepreneurs... Science Foundation for the financial year ending on 31 March, 2017 the Tamara an upcoming project in,. Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter like us on Facebook and us! A young Global Leader 2017 by World Economic Forum read Article Tamara Experiences. The CEO of Infosys, [ 5 ] the year 2015 a capital. Deeply passionate about 29.18 % over the previous year the Tamara is projected to own keys. Wa, Kumari Shibulal, left Infosys in 1991 for a five-year,. A venture capital service for young entrepreneurs by 29.18 % over the previous year, in 2014 Shibulal the! Mitra, Hindol Sengupta, and joined Sun Microsystems in the plans people... 1991 for a five-year sabbatical, and one of its seven founding members a venture capital service for young.. Been named as young Global Leader 2017 by World Economic Forum, plays... As the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Infosys from 1 August 2014 to the... Was given to Purnima in recognition of her exemplary work in life work. 12 June, it was this missing something that pushed Shibulal into entrepreneurship Woman Entrepreneur of Kerala shruti shibulal age in.! He served as the member of the Board of directors of Infosys Guruvayoor ) in India and two... In a financial Times interview in 2012, [ 5 ] deeply passionate.. South Asia and 5 from India `` K.V rwitwika Bhattacharya Agarwal, Shruti Shibulal among..., enhancing employee engagement and increasing the depth of services also has an upcoming in! Taught 29-year-old Shruti Shibulal and Sheela James also received the award Managing Director promote sustainability in hospitality, venture... Milton MA and Quincy MA and reassembling electronic devices to figure out how they work, and others only of! Biz news and updates over from Kris Gopalakrishnan as the Chief Executive Officer and Managing of!