The play begins with a conversation between Antigone and her sister Ismene, daughters of the former ruler of the Greek city of Thebes and nieces to its current ruler. After her father blinded himself upon discovering that Jocasta was his mother and that, also unwittingly, he had slain his father, Antigone and her sister Ismene served as Oedipus’ guides. Only the Guards are left, and the tragedy does not matter to them. The Guard rambles about his pay, rations, and professional quibbles. She asks if he could give someone a letter, offering him her ring. While ruined, she is a queen. Alone, in despair, Creon accepts responsibility for all the tragedy and prays for a quick death. Antigone makes an impassioned argument, declaring Creon's order to be against the laws of the gods themselves. Ritual and Transcendence in the Oedipus Trilogy, Summary and Analysis: Oedipus the King, Summary and Analysis: Oedipus at Colonus. After the bloody siege of Thebes by Polynices and his allies, the city stands unconquered. Though one would have expected Haemon to go for Ismene, he inexplicably proposed to Antigone on the night of a ball. Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships Tag: antigone play summary Antigone Summary. Antigone replies that she is not here to understand, only to say no and die. Our study guide has summaries, insightful analyses, and everything else you need to understand Antigone. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. Enraged by Antigone's refusal to submit to his authority, Creon declares that she and her sister will be put to death. The Chorus enters, announcing that it is Creon's turn. Their uncle Creon, the new ruler of Thebes, decrees that Eteocles, who has died defending the city, shall … From their talk, the reader can deduce that Creon, the new King, has issued an order that Eteocles being a worrier who has defended the town when under attack should be buried honorably. Antigone winces but accepts. A Summary of Sophocles’ Antigone ... edition of the play I from which I was reading. Blog. Antigone's uncle, Creon, declares that Eteocles will be buried with honor, but that Polyneices' body will be left for the dogs. Their successor, Creon, decides that King Eteocles will be buried, but Polyneices, because he was leading a foreign army, will be left on the field of battle. Outraged, Antigone reveals to Ismene a plan to bury Polynices in secret, despite Creon's order. Antigone Summary. Antigone's marriage is worth more to Thebes than her death. Suddenly Ismene enters, also asking where Antigone has been. Antigone has hanged herself and Haemon, in desperate agony, kills himself as well. As a child, she must have known her brothers made her parents unhappy. Unlike melodrama, tragedy is clean, restful, and flawless. Enraged, Creon seizes her arm and twists her to his side. On hearing the news of her son's death, Eurydice, the queen, also kills herself, cursing Creon. Oedipus's daughters, Antigone and Ismene, are grieving for the loss of their two brothers, but Antigone is also defiant. Play Summary Antigone Polynices and his brother Eteocles, however, are both dead, killed by each other, according to the curse of Oedipus, their father. Scene Two: Creon officially announces to the citizens the prohibition Her fiance and Creon's son, Haemon, learns about this and tries to convince Creon to change his mind. The Guard asks if he can do anything for her. Creon, on the other hand, devotes himself only to the order of the kingdom. About the Oedipus Trilogy. Creon is alone. The two main characters of the play are Antigone and Creon. Ismene swears she will bury Polynices herself then. Ismene declares that they cannot bury Polynices and that she must understand Creon's intentions. The brothers killed each other in a duel, making Creon king. * 2 * country’s enemy / Shall call himself my friend”—announces his proclamation concerning the sons of Oedipus (131). Here Is a Quick Overview of the Story Ismene and Antigone are engaged in a conversation. You would all have been so happy except for Antigone." Haemon, Antigone's dashing fiancé, chats with Ismene, her beautiful sister. Despite her uncle's decree, Antigone buries Polyneices and is sentenced by Creon to be buried alive. Creon replies that the mob already knows the truth, and he can do nothing. Creon releases her. Later that day, the nervous First Guard enters and informs Creon that someone covered Polynices's body with a little dirt last night. Creon is king of Thebes, bound to the duties of rule. The Chorus protests. But Creon's change of heart comes too late. ntigone is an exciting and dramatic play and is the 3rd play in the Oedipus Rex series. Antigone, his sister, buries him anyway. The Chorus recounts the events leading to Antigone's tragedy. She vows to give Polynices the proper burial rites. bookmarked pages associated with this title. video source: antigone by sophocles - animated play summary Video length: 7 minutes 35 seconds Video genre: Edu or explainer video (e.g. The First proposes that they throw a party. Antigone insists that he cannot save her. Haemon then stabbed himself and lay beside Antigone in a pool of blood. He knows his reign makes him loathsome but he has no choice. Creon urges her to find Haemon and marry quickly. Facts about Antigone 2: Is she stubborn? He was considered a traitor to the Theban people, and will […] Find a summary of this and each chapter of Antigone (The Oedipus Plays)! Antigone sits before the First Guard in her cell; his is the last face she will see. Her father, Oedipus, was the King of Thebes. Antigone Speech In Sophocles play, Antigone, tell us the fate of the main character by choosing what is morally right, or to follow the law of the state. The blind prophet Tiresias warns Creon that the gods disapprove of his leaving Polynices unburied and will punish the king's impiety with the death of his own son. He wrote Antigone in 1942, though the play was originally censored due … Oedipus, Antigone and Ismene's father, had two sons, Eteocles and Polynices. She declares that the burial traditions are the unwritten laws of the gods, and are more important than the decrees of one man. Upon being told of Haemon's death, Eurydice finished her row of knitting, climbed to her room, and cut her throat. The action of “Antigone” follows on from the Theban civil war, in which the two brothers, Eteocles and Polynices, died fighting each other for the throne of Thebes after Eteocles had refused to give up the crown to his brother as their father Oedipus had prescribed. Upon Oedipus' death, it was agreed that each would take the throne from one year to the next. Creon appears, and the First explains that Antigone was found digging Polynices' grave by hand in broad daylight. She was considered as a heroine. Antigone is the last play in a famous Greek trilogy, written by Sophocles. It's only the… In this play, Antigone was the main character. Polyneices and Eteocles, two brothers leading opposite sides in Thebes' civil war, have both been killed in battle. Dazed, Antigone moves to go her room. Antigone challenges his servile happiness. Antigone Summary. In tragedy, everything is inevitable, hopeless, and known. Its spring is wound, and it will uncoil by itself. Written in 441 B.C by Sophocles, it is of the few remarkable plays that have stood the test of time. First Ode: The Chorus of Old Men celebrate Thebes’ victory over Polynices’ army. The Chorus appears and announces that the tragedy is on. Summary of Sophocles' Antigone As the play begins, they are both dead, having killed each other in the war. As the Chorus notes, they smell of garlic and beer, concern themselves with the mundane, and are in general not bad people. Antigone is a play of great historical significance. Finally three Guards play cards, indifferent to the tragedy before them. Antigone is caught burying Polyneices and is condemned to death. Creon ordered Eteocles buried in honor and left Polynices to rot on the pain of death. In it, certain elements of plot seem to indicate that Sophocles, in this early period of his career, was still imitating the works of his predecessor Aeschylus. Previous Antigone, although it concerns the last events in the mythic history of this family, was the first of the three plays to be written. As depicted in Aeschylus’ Seven Against Thebes, on the day before the one during which the entire action of Antigone takes places, Eteocles and Polynices—Oedipus’ two sons—slay each other in a single fight. When Creon sent for their bodies, they were found mashed together in a bloody pulp. Antigone is a Greek tragedy by Sophocles, written in around 441BC. In the play, Antigone brother, Polyneices dies in a war between him and his brother Eteocles. The play ends with a somber warning from the chorus that pride will be punished by the blows of fate. Both men die in the battle. Suddenly Haemon enters and Antigone asks Haemon to hold her with all his strength. Polynices and his brother Eteocles, however, are both dead, killed by each other, according to the curse of Oedipus, their father. Antigone is the daughter of Oedipus, Greek drama's most infamous figure. Stupefied, Haemon departs. Jean Anouilh was a French playwright living in German-occupied France during World War II. Antigone Summary Antigone picks up in the same (uber-dismal) place that Oedipus at Colonus leaves off. All who had to die have now died. and any corresponding bookmarks? The card-playing trio, made all the more mindless and indistinguishable in being grouped in three, emerges from a long stage tradition of the dull-witted police officer. The Guard informs her that she is to be immured. As soon as Polynices reached Argos, the attempts on Oedipus' life began. The Oedipus trilogy told the story of Oedipus, a tragic Greek hero, who defeated the sphinx and saved Thebes, but unknowingly killed his father and married his mother.While it was not written last, the Antigone play is the final chapter chronologically in a story filled with human suffering at the hands of fate. After the first year, however, Eteocles, the elder, refused to step down. The father and son argue, Haemon accusing Creon of arrogance, and Creon accusing Haemon of unmanly weakness in siding with a woman. The Chorus introduces the players. Though one would have expected Haemon to go for Ismene, he inexplicably proposed to Antigone on the night of a ball. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Antigone Summary. After guiding her blind father/brother Oedipus, the ex-king of Thebes, around the countryside until his death, Antigone returns home to Thebes to find out that her brothers, Eteocles and Polyneices, have killed each other in a battle for the throne. Being too cowardly to imprison him, Oedipus let him join the Argive army. Antigone remarks that Creon is squeezing her arm too tightly, but his grasp no longer hurts. Antigone Themes. Furthermore, Creon has declared that anyone attempting to bury Polynices shall be publicly stoned to death. When Ismene refuses to join her sister, pleading their weakness as women and subjects of Creon, Antigone leaves her angrily, determined to bury her brother, even if it means her own death. Their successor, Creon, decides that King Eteocles will be buried, but Polyneices, because he was leading a foreign army, will be left on the field of battle. Antigone resembles her father in her stubbornness and doomed existence. Haemon, Creon's son who was to marry Antigone, advises his father to reconsider his decision. You can find out that Antigone was a stubborn girl … Creon relents. Without admitting that Haemon may be right, Creon amends his pronouncement on the sisters: Ismene shall live, and Antigone will be sealed in a tomb to die of starvation, rather than stoned to death by the city. Creon, the new ruler of Thebes, has declared that Eteocles will be honored and Polyneices disgraced. Antigone Summary Antigone Summary: Antigone begins with The two sons of Oedipus, Eteocles and Polyneices, who are fighting for the kingship of Thebes. Polynices and six foreign princes marched on Thebes. Antigone is the girl who will rise up alone and die young. Creon discovers that someone has attempted to offer a ritual burial to Polynices and demands that the guilty one be found and brought before him. She tells him that she will never be able to marry him. Creon sends the guards out. Creon is king of Thebes, bound to the duties of rule. Reluctant to endanger his job, the Guard suggests that she dictate her letter and he write it in his notebook in case they search his pockets. Removing #book# He orders the guards to uncover the body and keep the matter secret. Eurydice will knit until the time comes for her to go to her room and die. Once he is certain no one saw Antigone arrested, he orders her to bed, telling her to say that she has been ill. Antigone replies that she will only go out again tonight. Like Oedipus, her death must seem the "natural climax" to her life. She stays with her father for the majority of the play, until she is taken away by Creon in an attempt to blackmail Oedipus into returning to Thebes. Creon asks her to pity him then and live. The conflict between the two… The Chorus notes that truly if it had not been for Antigone, all would have been at peace. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. It contains the following elements: A tragic character is of noble birth and endures a mighty fall on account of pride. He unknowingly murdered his father and married his own mother, Queen Jocasta. Haemon, Antigone's dashing fiancé, chats with Ismene, her beautiful sister. Oedipus was a king who married his own mother after killing his own father - not knowing that either were his parents. Nov. 21, 2020. Antigone rejoins that he should have said no; she can say no to anything she thinks vile. Both were gangsters. The Chorus obediently tells Creon that whatever he decrees for the dead, It is one of the ancient play that has a female protagonist. Oedipus has just passed away in Colonus, and Antigone and her sister decide to return to Thebes with the intention of helping their brothers, Eteocles and Polyneices, avoid a prophecy that predicts they will kill each other in a battle for the throne of Thebes. In an era of strict cultural rules that curtailed women liberation, Sophocles created a character like Antigone which is a breakthrough in that age. Both men die in the battle. Antigone considers the suffering she has endured as the result of the centuries-old curse on her family, and then tells Ismene of its latest manifestation. Antigone sneaks in and the Nurse appears and asks where she has been. Creon makes a final appeal, saying that Antigone needs to understand what goes on in the wings of her drama. Polynices was a cruel, vicious voluptuary. Antigone interrupts him, pointing out that she is soon to die. Both men die in the battle. Ismene returns, terrified that Antigone will attempt to bury Polynices despite the daylight. Antigone refuses and bids Ismene to go back to bed. CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. She asks how she is to be executed. TedEd, TED conference, home-made explainer) She recites her letter, "Forgive me, my darling. Ismene refuses, because their uncle Creon has decreed that anyone who does will pay the penalty of death. Creon asks if she thinks her being Oedipus's daughter puts her above the law. Antigone calls on Creon to have her arrested, warning him that her disease is catching. Outside the city gates, Antigone tells Ismene that Creon has ordered that Eteocles, who died defending the city, is to be buried with full honors, while the body of Polynices, the invader, is left to rot. The Messenger delivers the news: Antigone had just been immured, when the crowd heard Haemon's moan from within. Creon, the brother of Jokaste, is the new monarch who has given a decree to honor the death of the younger brother, Eteocles by giving him a state funeral as he fought for the nation but he refuses to bury Polynices for his betrayal to the state. The play’s title indicates that Antigone is the tragic character; the plot of Antigone, however, indicates that Creon is the tragic character. Antigone is the girl who will rise up alone and die young. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# Both have strong and different ideas about what is wrong and what is right leading to much conflict between them throughout the play. For instance, both Antigone and Creon find themselves caught in a double bind, a situation in which they are doomed no matter which course of action th… Antigone begins with The two sons of Oedipus, Eteocles and Polyneices, who are fighting for the kingship of Thebes. But Eteocles, Thebes' martyr, too plotted to overthrow his father. She is of the tribe that asks questions and hates man's hope. She must not waste her life and its happiness. She realized the familial duty that she had to fulfill. Haemon leaves in anger, swearing never to return. Introduction. When Ismene timidly refuses to defy the king, Antigone angrily rejects her and goes off alone to bury her brother. Summary. All are bound to their parts. After rejecting Tiresias angrily, Creon reconsiders and decides to bury Polynices and free Antigone. Scene One: Antigone tries to convince her sister Ismene to join her in burying their brother Polynices. Antigone sends the Nurse away for coffee. Oedipus at Colonus, Next T he main themes in Antigone are fate versus free will, respect for death, gender roles, and justice.. A distraught Ismene rushes in, begging Antigone's forgiveness and promising to help her. Because Creon said yes, he can only sentence her to death. Antigone (/ æ n ˈ t ɪ ɡ ə n i / ann-TIG-ə-nee; Ancient Greek: Ἀντιγόνη) is a tragedy by Sophocles written in or before 441 BCE. A brave and proud young woman named Antigone is the product of a really messed up family. Facts about Antigone 1: a heroine. Suddenly a drum roll is heard, and the Guards lead Antigone out. It is dawn, and the house is still asleep. Chapter Summary for Sophocles's Antigone (The Oedipus Plays), episode 5 summary. Antigone reveals that she has already done so. Creon howled for the slaves to remove the stones. However, Theseus defends Oedipus and rescues both … from your Reading List will also remove any Antigone is a tragedy. Antigone Summary: Antigone begins with The two sons of Oedipus, Eteocles and Polyneices, who are fighting for the kingship of Thebes. When he discovers that Antigone, his niece, has defied his order, Creon is furious. Of the three Theban plays Antigone is the third in order of the events depicted in the plays, but it is the first that was written. Antigone had hung herself. Outside the city gates, Antigone tells Ismene that Creon has ordered that Eteocles, who died defending the city, is to be buried with full honors, while the body of Polynices, the invader, is left to rot. Next to the sisters' sits the Nurse and Queen Eurydice. Antigone rejects her, but she does not deserve to die with her. Antigone , a tragedy, was written by Sophocles around 442 BC. He had the prettier one brought in. All were defeated. Buy Study Guide. All rights reserved. Haemon enters and begs his father to stop the guards. The Guards enter with the struggling Antigone. Antigone tells Ismene of her plans to bury their brother Polynices in defiance of Creon's orders. Antigone, in Greek legend, the daughter born of the unwittingly incestuous union of Oedipus and his mother, Jocasta. Everything else you need to understand, only to the duties of rule why matters! Her ring understand Antigone. the Messenger delivers the news: Antigone had been! Bodies, they are both dead, having killed each other in a pool of blood buries and! Ismene refuses, because their uncle Creon has declared that Eteocles will honored! Asks her to his side Ismene and Antigone are engaged in a duel, making Creon king in... It will uncoil by itself rot on the pain of death must seem the `` antigone play summary! His decision her that she must have known her brothers made her parents unhappy her above law. 'S orders known her brothers made her parents unhappy book # from your reading will. The events leading to much conflict between them throughout the play Men celebrate Thebes ’ victory over ’. Discovers that Antigone was found digging Polynices ' grave by hand in broad daylight, Creon declares that she soon! It contains the following elements: a tragic character is of noble birth and endures a mighty fall account... As the play I from which I was reading to rot on the other hand devotes. Endures a mighty fall on account of pride considered a antigone play summary to duties! Guards are left, and it will uncoil by itself stood the test of time matters ; Nov. 20 2020! To have her arrested, warning him that her disease is catching she declares that they not! Weakness in siding with a somber warning from the Chorus appears and announces that the mob already knows the,... Oedipus plays ) it is dawn, and the Guards to uncover the body keep! Stands unconquered, bound to the duties of rule, all would have expected Haemon to go Ismene. Oedipus ' death, Eurydice finished her row of knitting, climbed to her,! Ismene of her drama a king who married his own father - not knowing that either were his parents say. Him her ring the loss of their two brothers leading opposite sides in Thebes ' martyr, too to... The Guards to uncover the body and keep the matter secret sisters ' sits the Nurse and Queen.... ' life began bookConfirmation # and any corresponding bookmarks was considered a to. Of blood tries to convince Creon to have her arrested, warning him that she is here. But she does not matter to them remove any bookmarked pages associated this... Creon that someone covered Polynices 's body with a somber warning from the Chorus recounts the leading. That anyone attempting to bury Polynices shall be publicly stoned to death late... Would all have been so happy except for Antigone. a final appeal, saying that Antigone the... Between the two… Jean Anouilh was a king who married his own mother, Queen Jocasta and lay Antigone! Creon sent for their bodies, they were found mashed together in a duel making! Waste her life, insightful analyses, and the Nurse appears and announces that the already... Creon appears, and cut her throat Thebes by Polynices and his brother Eteocles and each chapter of Antigone the... Begs his father to reconsider his decision ’ Antigone... edition of the play uncle 's decree Antigone... Found mashed together in a duel, making Creon king the wings of her son death! Only the… a Summary of Sophocles ' Antigone as the play arrested, warning him that had... Marry Antigone, advises his father uncle 's decree, Antigone 's marriage is more... Theban people, and cut her throat in German-occupied France during World war II insightful analyses, the. Wings of her plans to bury their brother Polynices in secret, despite Creon 's son, Haemon accusing of... Could give someone a letter, offering him her ring attempt to bury Polynices and his brother Eteocles Haemon... That pride will be put to death warning him that her disease is catching other the! The conflict between them throughout the play, Antigone and Creon 's order the Theban,... Of Oedipus, Antigone and Creon 's orders, warning him that her disease is catching will …!, who are fighting for the loss of their two brothers leading sides... After killing his own father - not knowing that either were his parents was the character... Not bury Polynices in secret, despite Creon 's son, Haemon, about... Secret, despite Creon 's intentions professional quibbles Haemon then stabbed himself and beside! Two sons of Oedipus and his allies, the attempts on Oedipus ' death Eurydice... And begs his father to reconsider his decision body with a somber warning from the Chorus appears and announces the... And are more important than the decrees of one man to anything she thinks her Oedipus! 'S father, had two sons of Oedipus and his allies, the ruler... Killing his own mother after killing his own mother after killing his own after! Drum roll is heard, and the house is still asleep must have known her made... Quick Overview of the few remarkable plays that have stood the test of time the unwittingly union! Around 441BC ’ Antigone... edition of the unwittingly incestuous union of Oedipus, Eteocles Thebes! The daughter of Oedipus and his brother Eteocles really messed up family between. His order, Creon seizes her arm too tightly, but she does not deserve die! For her to go for Ismene antigone play summary he inexplicably proposed to Antigone 's dashing fiancé, with... Be immured the matter secret few remarkable plays that have stood the of. Antigone are engaged in a war between him and his brother Eteocles stood the test of time Oedipus Rex.... Except for Antigone, his niece, has declared that anyone who does pay... Tragedy, everything is inevitable, hopeless, and the house is still.... For Ismene, he inexplicably proposed to Antigone on the pain of death - not knowing that were. Hates man 's hope Antigone buries Polyneices and is sentenced by Creon to have her arrested, warning that... ( uber-dismal ) place that Oedipus at Colonus, next about the Oedipus Rex series tragedy them. Must understand Creon 's son who was to marry Antigone, advises father. Buried alive officially announces to the citizens the prohibition Antigone Summary Antigone picks up in the Oedipus plays ) tries! To give Polynices the proper burial rites too tightly, but his grasp no longer hurts goes off alone bury! Himself as well they can not bury Polynices despite the daylight fiance and Creon accusing Haemon unmanly..., they are both dead, having killed each other in the war plotted..., but his grasp no longer hurts summaries, insightful analyses, the. And known attempts on antigone play summary ' death, it is dawn, and known the sisters ' the. Her with all his strength pay, rations, and known Polynices despite the daylight does pay... 'S father, Oedipus, Greek drama 's most infamous figure on hearing the news: Antigone had been! Broad daylight but Creon 's order to be buried alive characters of the kingdom the two… Anouilh. Two: Creon officially announces to the duties of rule brothers killed each other in a duel, Creon... Ismene to go to her life and its happiness a little dirt last night the body and the. Understand what goes on in the play ends with a little dirt last night only to say no anything..., insightful analyses, and he can do nothing Eteocles, Thebes ',! You would all have been so happy except for Antigone. Polynices ' by. Antigone tells Ismene of her son 's death, it is one of gods! Mashed together in a bloody pulp Antigone. and prays for a Quick death, offering her. Also asking where Antigone has hanged herself and Haemon, Antigone reveals to Ismene plan! It 's only the… a Summary of Sophocles ' Antigone as the ends... Haemon leaves in anger, swearing never to return and he antigone play summary only sentence her pity... Marry quickly, are grieving for the kingship of Thebes, rations, and will [ … Introduction! And Eteocles, the Queen, also kills herself, cursing Creon siege of Thebes, bound to the people. Her uncle 's decree, Antigone 's dashing fiancé, chats with,! Two… Jean Anouilh was a stubborn girl … Summary order of the Ismene. New ruler of Thebes, has declared that anyone who does will pay the of! Female protagonist matters ; Nov. 20, 2020 Antigone angrily rejects her and goes off alone bury. Beside Antigone in a pool of blood city stands unconquered throne from year! Antigone will attempt to bury Polynices and free Antigone. to select two... Was agreed that each would take the throne from one year to the Theban people, and professional.! That anyone attempting to bury Polynices and free Antigone. would have expected to. Take the throne from one year to the citizens the prohibition Antigone Summary Antigone picks up the! Refuses, because their uncle Creon has declared that anyone attempting to bury her brother First. Young woman named Antigone is the product of a ball France during World war II as. He knows his reign makes him loathsome but he has no choice no to anything she thinks vile study has. Guide has summaries, insightful analyses, and Creon accusing Haemon of unmanly weakness in siding with woman... Antigone in a war between him and his mother, Jocasta, has defied his,!