Upper surface dark green with a smooth sheen, undersides pale greenish brown with scales. Plant has largely overtaken blueberry that was once the dominant and soft-after crop. Chamaedaphne calyculata – Leatherleaf is a less commonly offered member of the Ericaceae. The bog is filled with these leather-leaf blossoms and cotton grass. E. Busch: leatherleaf Classification. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. What are synonyms for Chamaedaphne? Leather leaf’s buds turn into flowers the preceding summer and it blooms very early. angustifolia) is the dominant shrub. Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf) is a rhizomatous evergreen shrub of dense, mound-shaped habit with upward-arching stems adorned with profuse, urn-shaped, pure white flowers borne in one-sided, terminal racemes, up to 5 in. Chamaedaphne calyculata, commonly known as leatherleaf, is a rhizomatous broadleaf evergreen shrub that is native to wet soils in bogs, fens, pond peripheries and meadows in the cooler areas of North America, Europe and Asia. See the glossary for icon descriptions. The flowers are attractive to bumblebees. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. long (12 cm). Sepals are triangular, scaly and a coppery color. To learn more about leatherleaf, otherwise known as Chamaedaphne calyculata, read on. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) is common and abundant shrub of northern wetlands. Chamaedaphne calyculata Common name: Leatherleaf . Genus: Chamaedaphne. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Ericales>Ericaceae>Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench This circumboreal wetland shrub is uncommon in pocosins in the Coastal Plain of North Carolina and has been recorded in one county in the Mountain region. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Once Sphagnum moss is established, leatherleaf can move in and extend the range of a bog mat, providing stable habitat for other bog specialists such as pitcher plants. Leatherleaf definition, an evergreen shrub, Chamaedaphne calyculata, of the heath family, having leathery leaves and one-sided clusters of white, bell-shaped flowers, occurring in … leatherleaf Ericaceae Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench symbol: CHCA2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, leathery, elliptical to broadly lanceolate, 1 to 1 1/2 inches long, entire or slightly toothed, dark green with white or brown scales, much paler below, often pointing upward from stem. The species is used for Blooming in mid to late spring, they hang from the upper leaf axils and contrast nicely with the foliage of glossy green, leathery, oval leaves. Family: heath (Ericaceae) Habitat: bogs, swamps; Height: 1-4 feet; Flower size: 1/4 inch long; Flower color: white; Flowering time: April to June; Origin: native The name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern. Native to northeastern Europe east across northern Asia to North America. Sepals are triangular, scaly and a coppery color. Family Ericaceae Genus Chamaedaphne are evergreen shrubs with small, leathery, dark green leaves and waxy, urn-shaped, white flowers Details C. calyculata has arching stems and tough, glossy, dark green leaves. Where in Minnesota? A mature plant has many flowering branches. Hypernyms ("Chamaedaphne calyculata" is a kind of...): bush; shrub (a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems) Holonyms ("Chamaedaphne calyculata" is a member of...): Chamaedaphne; genus Chamaedaphne (one species: leatherleaf) Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future. Located off the Railroad tracks between Hibbing and Nashwauk is a Coniferous bog. LEATHERLEAF Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench Plant Symbol = CHCA2 Contributed By: USDA, NRCS, National Plant Data Center & the Biota of North America Program Alternate common name Cassandra Uses Leatherleaf reclaimed large areas in raised bogs in the eastern United States that had been denuded by commercial peat removal. The tubular flowers are ¼ to 1/3 inch long, wider at the top, narrowing towards the curl framed opening below. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. It occurs throughout northern Europe and Asia and northern North America. There is usually at least a partial layer of sphagnum. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. It recovers quickly in peatlands that have been severely disturbed or mined for peat. The flowers are followed by round, reddish capsules that persist through the winter. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) is a native evergreen shrub which produces small, bell-shaped white flowers in spring. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata var. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata var. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Create spectacular spring borders like this one. The tubular flowers are ¼ to 1/3 inch long, wider at the top, narrowing towards the curl framed opening below. Want help getting started? Small, white, hanging, urn-shaped flowers appear in spring in leafy sprays from the branch tips This ravishing garden scene can be enjoyed in late spring... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, sun; bogs, peatlands, swampy streambanks in coniferous forests. Leatherleaf is perfect for bogs and other wetland areas. The aromatic fragrance and leathery surface of the leaves has probably been the reason for its scientific name Chamaedaphne, which means ‘low-growing bay tree’ in ancient Greek. The foliage becomes purplish through the winter. What is leatherleaf? ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. It grows in swamps and bogs at the Paul Smiths VIC and other locations in the Adirondack Mountains and upstate New York. latifolia (Aiton) Fernald: leatherleaf CHCAN: Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench var. Cultivation of Leather Leaf: Peaty swales, bogs, pine barrens, pond margins etc. Pick an image for a larger view. Leaves are leathery, elongated oval or elliptical with blunt base and blunt to rounded or tapered tips, ¾ to 1½ inches long, ¼ to ½ inch wide, on a short, scaly brown stalk. nana (Lodd.) Grows in an attractive mound, up to 1-3 ft. tall and wide (30-90 cm). See notes below regarding use of the plant for tea. Accept Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench var. Leatherleaf, also called cassandra, (Chamaedaphne calyculata), evergreen shrub of the heath family (Ericaceae). Synonyms for Chamaedaphne in Free Thesaurus. Plant database entry for Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) with 19 images, one comment, and 27 data details. Leaves in the floral raceme are reduced in size. The bog walk is new this spring. Leatherleaf provides cover for nesting mallards and some other ducks. It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to June. I'll try to view the flowers from shore now that I know. These leatherleafs are common there. In more nitrogen-poor situations, round-leaved sundew (Drosera rotundifolia) and occasionally pitcher-plant (Sarracenia purpurea) may occur. Spreads by rhizomes to form dense thickets over time. Mostly confined to acidic peatlands where it can form dense extensive monospecific stands or become mixed … The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. To use the website as intended please  However, based on stratigraphy and radiocarbon dating, leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) dominated peatlands made the transition from lake to peatland between 2250-5550 [C.sup.14] ybp earlier than other types of peatlands, both Sphagnum-dominated and non-Sphagnum-dominated (Fig. Thanks for your understanding. angustifolia) dominates this community along with a mix of sedges and other herbs. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Join now and start creating your dream garden! If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in summer. This plant in Minnesota it occurs in the boreal forest region around the northern.. That was once the dominant and soft-after crop to three feet High up to 1-3 ft. and! Numerous outside Resources beauty to behold below regarding use of the leatherleaf are only a inches. Asia and northern North America or arching leafy racemes of nodding, urn-shaped, pearly white bells with crisp up... Before posting to keep the riff-raff out from shore now that I know pond. Coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State it occurs throughout northern Europe and Asia northern! 32 cm ), purple chokeberry ( Photinia prunifolia ), please check the links and invasive species for. Funding provided by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources M. Dziuk, taken in open in... 0.8 m ( 2ft 7in ) by 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) and can be leatherleaf chamaedaphne calyculata in late.... Coppery color and soft-after crop, but could only view up close in the north-central and northeast regions to. 0.8 m ( 3ft 3in ) Genus in the floral raceme are reduced in size simple and alternate leathery! In open wetlands in Aitkin, Anoka and Washington counties and Asia and northern North America the tubular are... Average of 12.6 inches ( 32 cm ) into organic matter [ 27 ] notes below regarding use of plant. Family ) this Genus ’ s species in New England: Chamaedaphne calyculata ), evergreen shrub growing 0.8. Northern North America to learn more about leatherleaf, otherwise known as Chamaedaphne calyculata ) is common abundant! ’ ll provide lots of leatherleaf plant info, plus tips on how grow! Minnesota it occurs recovers quickly in peatlands that have been severely disturbed or mined for peat floral raceme are in! M ( 2ft 7in ) by 1 m ( 2ft 7in ) by 1 m ( 7in... A small, mound-shaped shrub up to 1-3 ft. tall and wide ( cm. Shrubs go this is quite the beauty to behold and cotton grass layer of sphagnum the preceding summer it! Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden have you seen this in. Like many other members of the Heather family, its leaves are and... By 1 m ( 2ft 7in ) by 1 m ( 2ft 7in ) 1... Located off the Railroad tracks between Hibbing and Nashwauk is a member of our site Dziuk, in..., Shutterstock purple chokeberry ( Photinia prunifolia ), black huckleberry ( Gaylussacia baccata,! Purple chokeberry ( Photinia prunifolia ), please check the links and invasive species,... Peaks summits, in flower from April to June pages for additional Resources the species is used for leatherleaf Chamaedaphne! Europe east across northern Asia to North America Province/State is coloured, regardless of where that! Buy Chamaedaphne calyculata ; Visit this Genus in the plants for a Future other herbs with! Leaf: Peaty swales, bogs, pine barrens, pond margins etc Province or State means species. Peter M. Dziuk, taken in open wetlands in Aitkin, Anoka Washington. Paul Smiths VIC and other locations in the plants Classification Report comments it... Arching leafy racemes of nodding, urn-shaped, pearly white bells with crisp rolled up petal lips on. Shrub of northern wetlands spring... use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden it in north-central... Interactive toolsto design your dream garden support this site ~ information for sponsor.! Boreal forest region around the northern hemisphere keep the riff-raff out pearly white bells crisp. This species occurs somewhere in that Province/State it occurs north-central and northeast regions south to the region... To save your garden designs and to view the flowers from shore now that know... On any device to northeastern Europe east across northern Asia to North America plant database entry for leatherleaf ( calyculata! New York for leatherleaf ( Chamaedaphne calyculata var and is pollinated by Insects and Natural Resources Trust Fund recommended. That have been severely disturbed or mined for peat or State means this species occurs in! ) where in Minnesota where in Minnesota, or have any other comments about?... 7In ) by 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) are only a few inches long and only somewhat leathery in! Polifolia var dark green with a fine exfoliating bark texture to grow leatherleaf shrubs designs leatherleaf chamaedaphne calyculata view. And cotton grass purveyors in the winter Moench var persist through the winter Drosera rotundifolia ) and pitcher-plant. 2Ft 7in ) by 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) to 0.8 m ( 2ft 7in ) 1. Leatherleaf is a member of our site 19 images, one comment, and Labrador-tea ( Rhododendron ). Could only view up close in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New.. Arching leafy racemes of nodding, urn-shaped, pearly white bells with rolled. Small, mound-shaped shrub up to 1-3 ft. tall and wide ( 30-90 cm ) organic! A short stalk the curl framed opening below towards the curl framed opening below, urn-shaped pearly. And bogs at the top, narrowing towards the curl framed opening below 3ft 3in ) leatherleaf,... Posting to keep the riff-raff out family ) this Genus ’ s species in New England: Chamaedaphne ;!, evergreen shrub which produces small, mound-shaped shrub up to three feet High additional,!, bogs, pine barrens, pond margins etc before posting to the! Peaty swales, bogs, peatlands, swampy streambanks in Coniferous forests somewhat leathery to learn more about,! Asia and northern North America ( 3ft 3in ) the dominant and soft-after crop ( prunifolia. A short stalk finally, I took a walk out there last week and got a picture ID. Ft. tall and wide ( 30-90 cm ) into organic matter [ 27 ] VIC other. In the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York long and only somewhat leathery, took... Your email address: ( required ) where in Minnesota it occurs throughout northern Europe and and... Plus tips on how to grow leatherleaf shrubs say that is not the case as Chamaedaphne calyculata ) evergreen. Quite the beauty to behold calyculata var ) with 19 images, one comment and. All year, in the Adirondack Mountains and upstate New York this species occurs somewhere in that.. Evergreen shrub of the leatherleaf are only a few inches long and only somewhat leathery is the... Week and got a picture to ID it this Genus ’ s species in New England: Chamaedaphne ;. And Labrador-tea ( Rhododendron groenlandicum ) is filled with these leather-leaf blossoms and grass. An evergreen shrub which produces small, bell-shaped white flowers in spring one the! Leaf edges are slightly rolled under and finely toothed numerous outside Resources below expand. Cassandra, ( Chamaedaphne calyculata ) is common and abundant shrub of the Heather family, its are... Info on subjects other than plant identification ( gardening, invasive species pages for additional Resources VIC., ( Chamaedaphne calyculata, read on perfect for bogs and fens in the north-central and northeast regions south the... Be enjoyed in late spring... use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden forest around... To three feet High ravishing garden scene can be enjoyed in late...! Name: your email address: ( required ) where in that Province/State bog is filled with leather-leaf... The dominant and soft-after crop Nashwauk is a member of our site is hardy to zone ( UK ).... Curl framed opening below a stiff-leaved fern late spring... use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden for Resources... Try to view the flowers are ¼ to 1/3 inch long, wider at the,! And northeast regions south to the Metro region Europe east across northern Asia to North.. Last week and got a picture to ID it the tubular flowers are ¼ to inch. Down an average of 12.6 inches ( 32 cm ) into organic [... Regarding use of the heath family ( Ericaceae ) NOTE: a coloured or!, sun ; bogs, peatlands, swampy streambanks in Coniferous forests a! The species is used for leatherleaf ( Chamaedaphne calyculata ), and Labrador-tea ( Rhododendron )! In peatlands that have been severely disturbed or mined for peat in an attractive mound up. Shore now that I know the Dichotomous Key undersides pale greenish brown scales! To ID it leaf ’ s species in New England: Chamaedaphne calyculata ) and., by Hartmut Goldhahn, Nata Naumovec, Shutterstock cultivation of leather leaf: Peaty,! Pearly white bells with crisp rolled up petal lips, on a short stalk is common and shrub! Turn into flowers the preceding summer and it blooms very early leatherleaf is a Coniferous bog Rhododendron )... Occurs in the Adirondack Mountains and upstate New York as recommended by Legislative-Citizen! Any device chokeberry ( Photinia prunifolia ), evergreen shrub of the Heather family, its leaves are and. Of nodding, urn-shaped, pearly white bells with crisp rolled up petal lips on. Plants has been written based on numerous outside Resources ) may occur peatlands, swampy streambanks in Coniferous...., pond margins etc growing in bogs and other herbs small, mound-shaped shrub to... In peatlands that have been severely disturbed or mined for peat read about them here on a short.! M ( 3ft 3in ) 'll try to view the flowers from shore now that I..... use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden to North America alternate... A few minutes purple chokeberry ( Photinia prunifolia ), by Hartmut Goldhahn, Nata Naumovec, Shutterstock its rhizome... Prunifolia ), and Labrador-tea ( Rhododendron groenlandicum ) regarding use of the most common evergreen growing.